宠物训练有多重要?Is dog training important?

发布时间:2018-12-10来源:成都佳贝训犬寄养游泳基地作者:管理员浏览量:528
详情介绍

很多朋友都是被宠物萌萌的外表所吸引开始了“汪爸妈”或“铲屎官”的生活

但是!

不要以为给宠物们吃饱穿暖就万事大吉了

如果没有科学的训练

那么它们可能会成为你的大麻烦

Lots of people are just too attracted by their pets cute looks and started their lives as “Doggy parents” or “Kitty Parents”

BUT

If you’re only giving them food and shelter, you haven’t done your job right

Without scientific training, they might end up being your biggest nightmare

 

 

关于宠物们的训练

父母可以在家完成教育

也可以送去宠物学校由专门的训练人员负责

今天,我们就以狗狗为例

看一看训练狗狗有哪些注意点吧

Training for pets can be done at home by the “parents”

Or sent to training schools for more professional guidance

Let’s use dogs as examples and see what are the must knows for training them

 

训练是什么呢?

       很多人会说训练就是狗狗学习坐、握手、等待等等各种技能,提升才艺。但是训练其实是生活。在生活中其实随时随地你都在训练狗狗,或者说你的狗狗在随时随地训练你。

       狗狗从和你生活在一起时就会学会观察你的言行举止,它会知道在你什么动作之后会带来一个什么事情或是接下来会做什么,什么后果,然后它会尝试“训练”你来达到一个它想要的目标。

What is training?

      A common perception of training is teaching the dog how to sit, shake hands, wait and some other skills or talents. Training is actually life. You are actually constantly training your dog, and the also the other way around.

       From living with you, dogs will learn to observe your behaviors. They would know what your moves mean and what would come next, or even consequences. They would try to “train” you so so YOU would do what he wants.

      

      狗狗的学习一般通过联想和后果的方法,所以它会出现以下几种状况,当它做出这些行为的时候,一定是可以达到它的某种目的,所以它才会这么做:

-   当你在拿狗狗的食物的时候,他们会牢牢的跟在你后面、特别开心的上跳下窜、或者用撒娇的眼神盯着你

-   在门旁边等着你,当你作出任何要出门的情境(换衣服裤子、拿钥匙、拿牵引工具等),狗狗就开始激动兴奋

-   狗狗寻求关注时会吠叫

       When dogs learn, they often learn by association and consequence. Some of the following scenarios are present when they are trying to train you:

-        Whenever you are getting their food or treat, they give you the puppy eyes, follow you around, or jump around happily

-         Sitting by the door and look super excited when you are getting dressed or getting your keys

-        Barking whenever they want your attention

 

      这些情况在无意之间,不管是你或者是狗,你们都在互相训练对方一些事情,只是你能没有察觉。

       一般来说,其实狗狗在两个月左右就可以开始教基本指令了,而且幼犬比成犬来的容易训练。简单的家庭训练可以从以下几点入手:

      Under these circumstances, you or your dog, are training each other, without you realizing it.

      Dogs are normally capable of being trained of basic skills by two months. Puppies are actually easier to train than full-grown dogs. Some of the easier skills that can be done in a family setting:

 

 1 

名字认同感  Name Recognition

反覆呼唤名字,当狗狗看向自己,就给予鼓励;不理你时,就拿玩具或食物吸引牠将目光移到你身上,再给予鼓励。狗狗是很聪明的动物,把名字跟指令连结,它们就会对自己的名字产生认同感。

Repeatedly call out the dogs name, when the dog looks at you, encourage them; if they don’t pay attention to you, use toys or food to direct their attention back to you and then give encouragements. Dogs are very smart, they would be able to form an association of their name and the command and therefore be able to recognize their name.

 

 2 

训练狗狗不咬人  Biting Behaviors

纵容狗向主人撕咬会养成咬人的恶习,应该及时告诫它咬人是不对的。狗狗咬人后要马上训斥它,或是托着它的下巴训斥,或是将杂志卷成筒向地板上敲、发出大声音来恐吓它,这些都是很有效的方法。训斥完,狗受到惊吓会安静下来,这时应该好好夸奖它。有时狗见到陌生人会因警戒或恐惧心而咬人。这时可以请朋友帮忙,训练狗习惯与生人接触。首先在朋友的帮助下,消除狗对外人的恐惧心理

 

As an owner, allowing your dog to bite or tear things at home might increase their possibility of biting human. Therefore, whenever dogs start to bite, you would have to tell them it is wrong. You would have to immediately scold your dog or hold on to his chin and do so. At the same time you could also roll magazines or newspapers to hit the floor to create loud sounds. After scolding the dog, the dog will be quite and tamed, this is the time that you should reward them for doing so. Dogs might be alert or afraid when they see strangers. Asking friends to help the dog get use to strangers and decrease their fears towards strangers.

 3 

 禁吠训练  Barking Behaviors

  狗狗吠叫的原因有很多,可能是想获得主人的注意,可能是调皮想玩耍了,也有可能是其他原因。

  狗狗在想撒娇耍赖时会蹭到你眼前“唠叨”不停,有时候还会做出一些出人意料的动作来惹你注意,想让它们停止的办法就是无视它的举动,眼神挪开、身体挪开,它自然会觉得无趣,回窝自己玩玩具。

  有的家宠百无聊赖时会用歌声来表达情绪,鬼哭狼嚎地唱段歌剧也不是没有可能。这种情况纯属精力过剩,可以用消耗它的体能来缓解现状。

  还可以尝试当狗狗叫的时候摇铃,狗狗闭嘴后就拿点心给它吃,同时赞美狗狗。时间长了,狗狗再听到铃声的时候自然就会安静下来。这也是一位国外的动物行为学家做过的实验,证明是有效的。

There are many reasons why a dog would bark, maybe for the owners attention, maybe they just want to play, or any other reasons. Whenever the dogs want to play they would “nag” you, sometimes even do unexpected things to gain that attention. In order for them to stop doing so is to ignore them, move away from them, and don’t make eye contact. They would feel bored and go back to playing with their own toys. Some dogs even “sing” when they are bored, it gets a bit unbearable sometimes. They might be too energetic and the best way to solve it is to play with them and use up their energy. Another solution is ringing a bell whenever the dog barks. When the dog comes running to you and stops barking, give him a treat. By conditioning the dog this way, they would stop barking when they hear the bell. This has been tested by a animal psychologist.

  通过以上的简单科普,各位家长是不是对狗狗训练有了些许最基本的概念呢?在实践的过程中,不妨试着用网络来解决问题吧,或是向身边有狗狗的朋友们寻求建议。宠物训练是影响宠物一辈子的事情,做家长的一定要对你家的小宝贝花点耐心。如果平时实在太过忙碌,我们也为大家寻找了一些宠物学校作为参考哦。成都佳贝训犬寄养基地欢迎你!

Through the basic information above, parents must have a better understanding about how to train dogs. In the meantime, searching online and asking advise from friends that owns dogs would be a good way to gain more knowledge on dog training. Pet training influences the pet’s whole life, as a parent you should spend more patience and time on your little baby pet. If you are often too busy, we have also included some references for training schools.
 

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